Title XVI Supplemental Security Income
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In 1972, Congress passed Title XVI of the Social Security Act. This federalized state programs for people who were aged, blind or disabled, and poor.
- To be eligible for SSI benefits, an individual must be disabled, blind, or at least 65 years old and have "limited" income and resources.
- SSI benefits are not based on prior work or a family member's prior work.
- SSI is financed by general funds of the U.S. Treasury. Social Security taxes withheld under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) do not fund the SSI program.
- SSI benefits are paid on the first of the month for the entire month.
In addition, to be eligible for SSI benefits, an individual must:
- be a resident of the United States, and
- not be absent from the country for more than 30 days; and
- be either a U.S. citizen or national, or in one of certain categories of eligible non-citizens